Ida by Franco and TPOK Jazz (Lyrics and Translation)


The song “Ida” was the first song on Face B of the 30th anniversary album of TPOK Jazz. Released in 1986, the album was dubbled “30 ans du success”. The album featured three melancholic songs all discussing the difficulties of love and marriage from the perspectives of both men and women.

Franco does most of the dialogue. The backup vocals are provided by Malage de Lugendo who was knew to the band at the time. Empopo Loway is prominently featured on saxophone.


A man travels to Europe in order to sort out personal issues before he gets married. While in Europe he spends every penny he has sending his fiance gifts. But his fiance deserts him and marries someone else. He laments her ungratefulness as well as the broken promises.

Song Video



Franco and TPOK Jazz Website


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Jeruto upsets Chepkoech, sets meet record

Norah Jeruto caused the biggest upset of the 2019 Oslo Bislett games, a Diamond League meet. She beat the erstwhile invincible Beatrice Chepkoech in a closely contested 3000m Steeplechase race. Chepkoech had gone a whole year without losing at this event and had been winning by convincing margins.

When Chepkoech took command 1300 metres into the race, it looked like she was once again going to run away with the race. But a determined Jeruto shadowed closely. She continued to follow Chepkech, finally making her move in the final straight. Chepkoech had no answer.

Hyvin Kiyeng rounded up the podium in 9:07.56. World champion Emma Coburn was fourth in 9:08.42. Celliphine Chespol, who was Chepkoech’s main challenger last season, and who has run sub 9:00, was 5th. Kenyans occupied 5 of the top 6 positions. The Kenyan men may be struggling in this event but the women are certainly dominant. European champion and 2015 wrld championships bronzde medalist, Gesa Felicitas Krause of Germany was 8th.


Race Results

1 Norah Jeruto  KEN 9:03.71 8
2 Beatrice Chepkoech  KEN 9:04.30 7
3 Hyvin Kiyeng  KEN 9:07.56 6
4 Emma Coburn  USA 9:08.42 5
5 Daisy Jepkemei  KEN 9:10.54 4
6 Celliphine Chepteek Chespol  KEN 9:15.04 3
7 Peruth Chemutai  UGA 9:16.72 2
8 Gesa Felicitas Krause  GER 9:20.31 1
9 Maruša Mišmaš  SLO 9:20.97
10 Winfred Mutile Yavi  BRN 9:21.36
11 Anna Emilie Møller  DEN 9:24.21
12 Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal  NOR 9:28.99
13 Mel Lawrence USA 9:29.81
14 Rosie Clarke  GBR 9:31.68
15 Viktória Wagner-Gyürkés  HUN 9:34.56
Fancy Cherono  KEN DNF
Caroline Tuigong  KEN DNF
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NBA Africa tournament: Plenty of pitfalls for Kenya and Africa

Michael Jordan was in attendance at the launch of NBA Africa League


On 16th February 2019, the National Basketball Association (NBA), the top basketball league in the world, announced that it was going to partner with FIBA, the global basketball body, to create the first trans-continental professional basketball league in Africa.

Former US president, Barrack Obama is among those who mooted the idea and he has taken a keen interest. “Through sport, if you put in effort, you will be rewarded,” Obama said.

Basketball legend, Michael Jordan was at the launch of the 12 team league. Though he did not speak, he is also said to have taken a keen interest in advancing the sport of basketball in Africa.

NBA and FIBA will provide financial support, training for players, coaches and referees and some infrastructure for the new league.

The announcement has been met excitement by many hoop fans and cautious optimism by some fans including yours truly.

Structure of the league

The NBA announced that club teams from Angola, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa and Tunisia were expected to be among those taking part. Indeed the Kenya Basketball league confirmed that Kenya would be represented by a club team.

“In Kenya,the top 4 Men’s teams in the 2018 regular season,will then play a round Robin mini play-offs from 18th February to 3rd March 2020 at a neutral venue to determine who gets the coveted 1 slot to represent the country in the professional Basketball League.

Additionally,the winning team must be registered as per the sports act,must have the players signed on professional or semi-professional contracts and must demonstrate financial ability to honour salaried contracts and all other financial obligations of a Professionally run Basketball Club.”

The above is according to the social media pages of the Kenya Basketball Federation (KBF)

This arrangement is fraught with numerous pitfalls that could prove disastrous for Kenya but could also lead to the premature demise of the league. Let us examine some of the minefields that lay in wait for NBA-Africa which if not cleared, could lead to multiple explosions that could doom the league or at least doom Kenya’s chances of keeping its place in this tournament.

NBA is a business first

Unlike FIBA, the NBA is above all things a business. FIBA has been organizing club tournaments in Africa for decades and is primarily interested in long term growth of the sport. The NBA on the other hand is here to grow its brand. The league will primarily used a vehicle by the NBA to promote its core business. Indeed the NBA president Adam Silver sees Africa as a huge untapped market.

Africa has a huge economic engine. here are more than 400 companies in Africa that generate more than $1 billion annually, but that sport there has not seen the same growth

This means the NBA aims to do more business in Africa. Sell more of its jerseys. Sell more TV rights. Gain sponsorships and generally grow its brand. The NBA is not in Africa only to do favours. The NBA has investors. Each NBA owner has a vested interest in the growth of the NBA brand. So each of the selected countries including Kenya must deliver on this front. If Kenya does not deliver, their slot might be given to another country, perhaps even “gasp” Uganda !

And if the league as a whole does not deliver appropriate returns after a few years, the NBA will end the venture or in American parlance: “The NBA could pull the plug on the whole project”.

Which brings us to why Kenya was chosen.

Why was Kenya chosen?

Kenya was not chosen because we are a basketball powerhouse. Far from it. Not only is Kenya not a continental powerhouse, but it is no longer even a regional powerhouse as Rwanda and Uganda have since surpassed Kenya in the last decade or so.

Kenya was not chosen because of Barrack Obama’s roots are in Alego, Siaya county. Nor was Kenya chosen because of some untapped potential that other countries don’t have.

President Barrack Obama with NBA Africa CEO Amadou Gallo, Toronto Raptors General manager Masai Ujiri, his wife Ramatu Ujiri and NBA player Bismarck Biyombo at the official opening of , Sauti Kuu sports centre


The only logical reason to explain why Kenya was chosen is because there is a huge market for the NBA in Kenya Basketball is very popular in Kenya. But many basketball fans don’t follow the local scene. They religiously follow the American scene especially the NBA and sometimes even NCAA. And Kenya’s purchasing power is significant when compared to its neighbours.

Kenya is not guaranteed a slot in the tournament

Unlike FIBA tournaments where Kenya is guaranteed a place in the qualifiers, Kenya will not be guaranteed a place in this tournament if it does not meet its end of the bargain in terms of professionalism, financial accountability, economic returns and competitiveness.

Even in the USA, cities have lost their NBA franchises. The Kansas Kings, New Orleans Jazz, Seattle Supersonics etc, are all examples of teams that left their respective cities when owners decided that they could make more money elsewhere. So if Kenya does not deliver its end of the bargain, this opportunity could be given to another country. Again NBA unlike FIBA are not focused on promoting the game. They are here to enhance their brand. And Kenya must deliver in that regard or lose their place in this tournament.

So what could go wrong?

The club system

As the KBF announced, Kenya will be represented by the winner of a round robin tournament. Which means one of Kenya’s institutional teams is likely to be Kenya’s representatives. This is likely to be Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) or Equity Bank or Ulinzi Warriors or Strathmore University or another institutional team.

Will fans pay for tickets to watch these teams?

Sadly none of these teams have much of a following. A large crowd is likely to show up for the first game due to the novelty of the event. But once the novelty fades, you will see paltry crowds. This is especially true at Kasarani which is still quite a distance to travel for many fans. And like typical Kenyans, they will expect entrance to be free.

Can a team like KPA consistently draw large enough crowds to Kasarani indoor gym?


The NBA will not continue to pour money into the league indefinitely. The NBA expects the league to become self-sustaining at some point. This means the league must generate revenue through ticket sales, sale of TV rights, jersey sales, sponsorships and other revenue streams that can make the league self sustaining.

Lets say our military team Ulinzi becomes Kenya’s representatives, it’s a given that they will not draw large enough paying crowds over a long period, and will not generate enough fan fervor to garner TV deals or significant sponsorships. In fact fans of other teams might boycott Ulinzi games if they thought they won unfairly. And nobody will purchase Ulinzi Stars merchandize.

So what is a better solution?

The Franchise Model

Rather than select an existing club, NBA Africa should consider creating an NBA style franchise in each selected city. The team should have a name that is representative of the entire city. For the purposes of this article we can call this team “Nairobi City Stars”.

This will be touted as a team that represents the City of Nairobi, not just the military or Equity Bank or some other institution. Fans are more likely to root for a team that represents them.

A match pitting Nairobi against say Lagos or Kigali will draw fan fervor that will pack Kasarani indoor gym with paying fans  to the rafters. There will be twitter battles between Nairobians and Lagosians. The fan fervor will compel Kwese TV, Multi-Choice or some other TV company to pay for television rights. Fans are more likely to buy merchandize if the merchandize says “Nairobi City Stars”. It’s a given that nobody will buy an Ulinzi or a Equity Bank jersey.

The business community will be eager to associate with the team and its fan base as will political bigwigs like  governor Sonko, senators and MPs. All this is only feasible if the franchise model is used. Even Kenyan basketball fans who typically ignore local basketball and only watch the NBA, will become intrigued by a franchise team that represents the city of Nairobi and not just an institution.


In order for a team to maintain fan interest, attendance and TV viewership, it must be competitive. Nobody will go to watch a team that loses every game or worse still loses every game by 50 points.

Kenyan club teams are not competitive at the continental level. Gone are the days of the 1980s when local champions like Posta and KPA went toe to toe with Africa’s best. This author followed with excitement as the KPA team led by Lawi Odera’s 33 points beat the Egyptian champions Al Ahly at Nyayo gym in 1993. No such thing happens nowadays.

Lawi Odera in his heyday


Kenyan men’s teams don’t even qualify for the FIBA Africa club tournament anymore. In the most recent qualifier in 2017, Kenya champions, KPA lost to City Oilers of Uganda, who went on to give a good account of themselves at the continental event, winning matches against Kano Pillars of Nigeria, ASB of DR Congo and GS Petroliers of Algeria.

To find the last time Kenya was at the premier African club event, you have to go back at least a decade to 2009, 2006 and 2002 when Kenya was represented by KCB Lions, KPA and Cooperative bank. In 2002 for example, the KPA team lost their opener to 1º de Agosto of Angola by a whopping 65 points (107-42). Dennis Opiyo led the Kenyans with 16 points. There were other lopsided losses including a 103-55 loss to Inter Club of Congo. Indeed KPA lost all their matches by 20 points or more.

KPA were the most undersized team. Dennis Opiyo at 6’6” was the tallest player. The losses were therefore not surprising.

The point being made here is twofold:
1. Kenya must put its best foot forward in order to be competitive. If they are not competitive, fans will lose interest and stop attending games. Even in Angola where the top clubs draw large crowds, fans might not show up to watch Petro de Luanda or 1º de Agosto beat KPA by 60 points. Fans want to see competitive, tension filled matches. Poor attendance will not bode well for the league. So NBA Africa might pull the franchise from Kenya and give to Uganda or some other country that might field a competitive team.
2. To put our best foot forward, the best players available must play regardless of which team they play for. So if Griffin Ligare for example is the league MVP, he must be in the NBA Africa squad even if he plays for the worst team in the league.

Those of us who were rugby fans in the 1980s remember that the Dubai sevens was not contested by national teams in those days. It was contested by a clubs. But rather than send a club, Kenya sent a touring team known as Watembezi RFC that comprised players from various clubs like JJ Masiga, Beth Omollo, Max Muniafu and Jimmy Owino among others. That team did really well winning the Silver Khanjar Cup in 1982 and 1983. Had Kenya sent one team like Mwamba RFC, they would not have done well.

The point being made here is that again Kenya is best served by a franchise team that represents all of Nairobi and that has the best players available, not just Ulinzi or KPA.

Kenyan sports officials are incompetent and corrupt

Another peril of allowing one of the local teams to play in this league is that these teams are usually not well run and neither is local basketball. Most Kenyan sports officials are either grossly incompetent or just plain corrupt. Of course there are a few exceptions. But Kenya basketball has suffered a lot with official incompetence which is why Kenya has been surpassed by the likes of Rwanda and Uganda.

Rwanda has raised their basketball standards above Kenya in the last 15 years


And corruption in Kenya is such that many officials will be eagerly waiting to dip their hands into whatever finances the NBA, FIBA and the sponsors will provide. Committees will be formed with a board of directors who will pay themselves salaries before any of the players are paid and without any clear responsibilities. This is what happened with the National Olympic Committee of Kenya. During the 2016 Olympics, NOCK members pocketed millions of Kenya shillings while Kenyan athletes went without uniforms in Rio and eventually ended up staying in a bad hotel in a dangerous neighbourhood.

Officials of clubs like Ulinzi and Equity Bank are not much better. Very few have the qualifications needed to run a professional team. Even a military team like Ulinzi Warriors is not immune to corruption. Years ago, a Kenyan boxer called James Demosh Omondi won an opportunity to be a sparring partner for a famous boxer who was contending for the world heavyweight title. Demosh was a member of the armed forces. The deal fell through because a senior army officer was demanding a cut of the earnings.

Note: Kenya’s once high flying rugby team which has been on the IRB circuit for 15 years, was on the verge of relegation  in June of 2019. The reason Kenya rugby is in the doldrums is because of gross incompetence and greed among officials. Players were not being paid salaries even when the sponsors provided the money. As a result, the top players went on strike.

Ayumba Ayodi, a prominent Kenyan journalist noted that when Kenya rugby had sponsorship from companies like Sportpesa, the KRFU board of directors were demanding to be paid salaries that are higher than the players. This situation is comical and insane. But don’t be surprised if basketball officials pull the same stunt when they see all the sponsorship money that the NBA will bring with it.

The saving grace for Kenya rugby fans is that if Kenya were to be relegated, they can still play their way back to the IRB circuit in two years. However in basketball, if Kenya loses their place in NBA Africa to another country due to incompetence or corruption from officials, they may never get the opportunity back. Just ask Seattle Supersonics fans. They lost their NBA franchise 10 years ago and there is no sign that they will get their team back because the number of NBA teams is limited.

So what is the solution?

Hire qualified people on performance contracts

To alleviate this issue of incompetence and corrupt officials, NBA Africa must appoint competent officials including a CEO to run the Nairobi franchise. This CEO must be on a performance contract. His or her pay must be based on measurable goals like accountability,  ticket sales, jersey sales and so forth.

Other officials could include a general manager who is responsible for scouting, selecting and recruiting players. His pay should be based on team performance. Coaches, trainers, physios and so forth, all on performance contracts. There are former basketball players in Kenya who can fit the bill. Roles within the franchise must be clearly defined so everyone knows why each person is being paid and what they must deliver.

To put it plainly, NBA Africa will need to directly recruit the people who run the Nairobi franchise. Left to Kenyan officials, you will surely see the same incompetence and corruption that has plagued Kenya basketball for the last three decades.

Getting fans to pay for tickets is a key measuring stick for the potential CEO

Playing Unit

As was pointed out earlier, the Kenyan clubs that played in the Africa club cup in the years between 2002 and 2009 lost many of their games by as much as 60 points. They lacked the size and firepower of other teams. This may necessitate recruiting players from other countries. The best case scenario would be to have 8 or 9 players from Kenya and 3 or 4 foreigners who bring something special to the team in terms of size or shooting or just experience that other players can learn from.

Given the evidence from the FIBA Africa league, one can assume that other teams will bolster their squads with players from other countries including the United States. So if a team like Ulinzi or Strathmore Blades goes to NBA Africa with local players only, they can count on losing every game heavily as Kenyan teams did in 2002, 2006 and 2009.


The NBA Africa league is a grand opportunity for Kenya and other teams. If Africa as a whole does not deliver a compelling tournament, the NBA could soon pull the plug. If Kenya performs poorly or displays gross incompetence, their opportunity will quickly go to another nation waiting in the wings. As currently constituted, there is a significant chance that both scenarios will happen.

On the other hand, if NBA Africa takes an active role in overseeing the Kenyan franchise, success is guaranteed. In fact Kenya’s potential is so high that if NBA Africa is to expand, they may consider giving Kenya a second franchise. At that point, NBA Africa can make the case to governor Joho of Mombasa that it is worthwhile to build an indoor arena in Mombasa.

NBA Africa has announced that the final structure of the tournament has not been decided so there is still time to come up with a plan that will lead to success.


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Rhonex, Tirop and Cheruiyot brilliant in Stockolm

The trio of Kenyans: Rhonex Kipruto, Agnes Tirop and Timothy Cheruiyot were in sensational form as they beat strong fields to win at the 2019 Bauhaus Galan Diamond League meet in Stockholm Sweden.

Rhonex Kipruto gives Kenya hope in the 10,000m

It has been 18 years since a Kenyan won the 10,000m at the world athletics championships. The last Kenyan to win this event is Charles Kamathi who shocked Gebreselassie in 2001. But fast rising Rhonex Kipruto who was only two years old when Kamathi won that shock gold medal, had a brilliant run in Stockholm that gave Kenyan fans reasons to have optimism. He blew away a very strong field that included 2016 Olympic silver medalist Paul Chelimo of the USA and Olympic bronze medalist Hagos Gebrhiwet.

Kipruto gave a masterful display, setting a torrid pace. By the halfway mark of the race, he was already 50 metres ahead of most of the field. The only runner who tried to keep up the pace was Gebrhiwet. The Ethiopian stayed on Kipruto’s shoulder until there were 3 laps to go. At that point Kipruto shifted gears again, increasing the pace and Gebrhiwet started to gnash his teeth, showing that he was struggling. The gap between the two started to increase. By the end of the race, Kipruto was almost 50 metres ahead of Gebrhiwet and had overlapped almost everyone else. He won in 26:50.16 which is the fastest time in the world since 2017

With his brilliant display, the 19 year old Kipruto appears a strong candidate to win the 10,000m at the 2019 world championships. His main challenger will be the Ugandan Joshua Cheptegei who earlier this year, won the world cross country championships.

Race Video


1 Rhonex Kipruto  KEN 26:50.16
2 Hagos Gebrhiwet  ETH 27:01.02
3 Aron Kifle  ERI 27:27.68
4 Mogos Tuemay  ETH 27:34.36
5 Paul Chelimo  USA 27:43.89
6 Julien Wanders  SUI 27:44.36
7 Amos Kurgat  KEN 27:48.15
8 Kirubel Erassa  USA 27:52.75
9 Ali Kaya  TUR 27:53.39
10 Timothy Toroitich  UGA 28:06.87
11 Awet Habte  ERI 28:11.12
12 Charles Muneria  KEN 28:13.91
13 Soufiane Bouchikhi  BEL 28:20.97
14 Shadrack Kipchirchir  USA 28:21.26
15 Leonard Korir  USA 28:23.00
16 Juan Antonio Pérez  ESP 28:27.14
17 Peter Kiprotich  KEN 28:32.78
18 Amanal Petros  GER 28:42.59
19 Aras Kaya  TUR 28:49.21
20 Vincent Kipsang Rono  KEN 29:01.82
21 Robel Fsiha  SWE 29:15.45
22 Juan Luis Barrios  MEX 29:26.99
Gevin Kerich  KEN DNF
Isaac Kipsang  KEN DNF
Kelvin Kiptum  KEN DNF
Jemal Yimer Mekonnen  ETH DNF
Napoleon Solomon  SWE DNF

Agnes Tirop beats a strong field in the women’s 5000m

The biggest shock of the day came in the women’s 5000m. Agnes Tirop who in 2015, won the women’s senior cross country championship when only 19 years of age, is finally fulfilling her promise on the track. It was a very close race with the leading runners reaching the bell at the same time. Canadian Gabriela Stafford took the lead with 200 metres to go and appeared poised to snatch a shock victory. But Tirop responded, unleashing a strong kick at the final bend, passing Stafford. The shock of the day was Hellen Obiri who finished in 12th position. Obiri has been in superb form this season.

Race Video


1 Agnes Jebet Tirop  KEN 14:50.82 8
2 Fantu Worku  ETH 14:51.31 7
3 Lilian Kasait Rengeruk  KEN 14:51.34 6
4 Gabriela DeBues-Stafford  CAN 14:51.59 5
5 Caroline Chepkoech Kipkirui  KEN 14:52.05 4
6 Margaret Chelimo Kipkemboi  KEN 14:52.11 3
7 Eilish McColgan  GBR 14:52.40 2
8 Melissa Courtney  GBR 14:53.82 1
9 Yasemin Can  TUR 14:53.92
10 Gloriah Kite  KEN 14:56.50
11 Alina Reh  GER 15:04.10
12 Hellen Obiri  KEN 15:07.70
13 Anna Emilie Møller  DEN 15:22.69
Loice Chemnung  KEN DNF
Mary Kuria  KEN DNF
Liv Westphal  FRA DNF

Cheruiyot dismisses a strong field

Timothy Cheruiyot, who dominated the men’s 1500m in 2018, is once again showing the sensational form he displayed last season. Cheruiyot won the 1500m in Stockholm at a canter, finishing two seconds ahead of his closest challenger, Ayanleh Souleiman of Djibouti. Elijah Manangoi who won the opening Diamond League meet of 2019, inexplicably finished in 10th position, a good 13 seconds behind Cheruiyot.

Race Video


1 Timothy Cheruiyot  KEN 3:35.79 8
2 Ayanleh Souleiman  DJI 3:37.30 7
3 Jakob Ingebrigtsen  NOR 3:37.30 6
4 Bethwell Birgen  KEN 3:39.18 5
5 Samuel Tefera  ETH 3:40.19 4
6 Charles Cheboi Simotwo  KEN 3:40.65 3
7 Aman Wote  ETH 3:42.68 2
8 George Meitamei Manangoi  KEN 3:43.83 1
9 Henrik Ingebrigtsen  NOR 3:45.46
10 Elijah Motonei Manangoi  KEN 3:48.83
11 Elmar Engholm  SWE 3:50.12
Brahim Kaazouzi  MAR DNF
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Kenya at the 2019 London sevens

Vincent Onyala scores against Samoa, in Kenya’s only win at the 2019 London sevens

Group Stage

Fiji 24 Kenya 17
Tries: BS Mwale 2′ & 8′ , JO Oluoch 10′
Conv: J Olindi 9′

Kenya 21 Samoa 20
Tries: V Onyala 6′ & 7′ & 13′
Conv: J Olindi 6′ & 7′ & 13′

France 31 Kenya 17
Tries: BS Mwale 1′ & 8′, JO Ojee 3′
Conv: J Olindi 2′

Challenge Trophy Quarter-Finals

Scotland 29 Kenya 21
Tries: Amonde 3′ & 6′, JO Oluoch 10′

13th Place Semi Final

Japan 26 Kenya 17
Tries: BS Mwale 5′ & 9′, JO Oluoch 8′



Andrew Amonde
Cyprian Kuto
Jacob Ojee
Bush Mwale
Nelson Oyoo
Charles Omondi
Jeff Oluoch
Johnstone Olindi
Vincent Onyala
Brian Wandera
Daniel Sikuta
Daniel Taabu

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Prehistoric herbivore fossils found in Kenya


Prodeinotherium was a genus of Proboscidean that existed during the late Miocene. It belongs to the Family Deinotheridae which is made of Proboscideans with downward facing tusks. The species found in Kenya is Prodeinotherium hobleyi which was the first species of Prodeinotherium, and it migrated into Asia and Europe before evolving into Prodeinotherium pentapotamiae (in Asia) and then Prodeinotherium bavaricum (In Europe)

Image courtesy of Alchetron

All Deinotheridae were large, at 2.5m to 2.8m tall and weighing 3 to 4 tonnes.All had downward curving tusks. Prodeinotherium hobleyi was found on the Wayondo formation on Rusinga island.


Archaeobelodon was a genus of Proboscidean belonging to the Family Gomphotheriidae. It is an ancestor of Platybelodon and Amebelodon

Courtesy of

The only known species is Archaeobelodon Filholi. Its remains have been found on the Wayondo formation on Rusinga island.


Afrochoerodon was a genus of proboscidean that existed during the Miocene. It belongs to the family Gomphotheriidae

The species whose remains were found in Kenya is Afrochoerodon Kisumuensis. It was found on the Muruyur formation (Tugen Hills, Baringo county) and on the Maboko formation on Maboko island in Kisumu county.


Choerolophodon is a genus of proboscidean that existed during the Miocene. It belongs to the family Gomphotheriidae

The species whose remains were found in Kenya is Choerolophodon Kisumuensis. It was found on Maboko formation on Maboko island in Kisumu county.


Eozygodon was a genus of proboscidean belonging to the family Mammutidae. The species found in Kenya is Eozygodon morotoensia. Its remains were found in Koru, Kisumu county.


Kenyapotamus is considered to be a possible ancestor to modern Hippopotamus. A number of different species have been found in Kenya including Kenyapotamus  Coryndae which was found in the Nakali formation (Turkana county) and Kenyapotamus  Ternani, which was found at Fort Ternan in Kericho county


Brachyodus was a genus of hippo like herbivore. It belongs to the family Anthracotheriidae. Modern Hippos may have evolved from Anthracotheres. The species found in Kenya is Brachyodus  equatorialis. Its remains were found in Koru, Kisumu county.


Hyoboops was a genus of herbivore belong to the Anthracotheriidae family. The species found in Kenya is Hyoboops Africanus.  Its remains have been found on the Kulu formation on Rusinga island.

Nguruwe Kijivium

Nguruwe Kijivium was a pg like herbivore belonging to the Order Suidae. Its remains were found in Koru, Kisumu county and on Rusinga island.


Chalicotherium was a genus of ungulates that belongs to the family Chalicotherioidea and order Perissodactyla. It existed during the Oligocene, Pliocene and Miocene periods. It was odd looking with clawed forelimbs and much longer and more powerful hind limbs.It had the body of a sloth and the head of horse. It was a massive animal, standing 2.6 metres at the shoulder. Chalicotherium used its hind legs to support its weight while feeding. The forelegs were used for feeding. To protect its claws, Chalicotherium walked on its knuckles.


Courtesy Arch Survival

The species that was found in Kenya is Chalicotherium  Rusingense. Its fossil remains were found on the Kulu formation of Rusinga island and on Mfangano Island.


Rusingaceros is known as the oldest known modern Rhinocerous that existed during the Miocene. It consists of only one species: Rusingaceros  Leakeyi, that was previously known as Dicerorhinus Leakeyi.  It belongs to the family Rhinocerotidae and order Perissodactyla. Its fossil remains have been found on Rusinga island as well as Maboko Island.


Aceratherium was a Genus of hornless Rhinoceros that existed during the Miocene period. It belongs to the Subfamily Aceratheriinae and family Rhinocerotidae. The species that was found in Kenya is Aceratherium Acutirostratum. It has been found on Rusinga Island, Maboko Island and at Karungu in Migori county.


Chilotheridium was a genus of Rhinocerotid that existed in the Upper Miocene. It belongs to the family Rhinocerotidae and order Perissodactyla. The species found in Kenya is Chilotheridium pattersoni, Its fossil remains have been found on the Wayondo formation on Rusinga island as well as Namurungule and Nakali Formations, northern Kenya


Megalotragus was a genus of very large extinct African alcelaphines. It existed during the Pliocene to early Holocene It resembled modern hartebeests, but much larger reaching a shoulder height of 1.4 m (4.6 ft). The genus consists of three species of which Megalotragus priscus survived until the early Holocene


Paradiceros was genus belonging to the subfamily Dicerorhininae of the family Rhinocerotidae. The species found in Kenya is Paradiceros mukirii . Its remains were found in Uyoma, Siaya county.


Rusingoryx is a genus of bovid that existed during the Pleistocene. The only known species is Rusingoryx atopocranion. As the name suggests, its remains were found in Rusinga Island. Its is closely related to wilderbeest.  It is noted for its pointed nose with a large nasal dome, that was used for vocalization.


Megalohyrax is a genus belonging to the family Pliohyracidae and order Hyracoidea. It existed in the lower Oligocene (30 million years ago). The species found in Kenya is Megalohyrax Championi. Its remains have been found in Karungu, Migori County.


Kenyasus is a genus that existed in the Miocene. It belongs to the family Suidae which includes Pigs, Hogs, Warthogs and other similar animals. The remains of at least three Species have been found in Kenya: Kenyasus kirimunensis which was found at Kipsaraman, Kenyasus namaquensis and Kenyasus Rusingensis which was found on Rusinga island.


Listriodon is a genus that existed in the Miocene. It belongs to the family Suidae which includes Pigs, Hogs, Warthogs and other similar animals. It is characterized by curved upper canines similar to those of a warthog. Its remains have been found at Fort Ternan


Dorcatherium is a genus that existed during the Miocene. It belongs to the family Tranguilidae (Chevrotain or Mouse Deer). Fossil remains of this Genus are numerous and have been found all over Europe and Africa. The species whose remains were found in Kenya is Dorcatherium Chappuisi, Dorcatherium piggoti and Dorcatherium Parvum.


Diamantohyus is an genus that existed in the Miocene period. It belongs to the family Sanitheriidae. The remains of two species have been found in Kenya: Diamantohyus africanus and Diamantohyus Leuderitzi, which were both found at Karungu in Migori County,


Libycochoerus was a genus of long legged pig like animals belonging to the Suidae family which comprises Pigs, Boars and other Pig like animals. The species found in Kenya include Libycochoerus Jeannelli whose fossil remains were found on the Wayondo formation on Rusinga Island, Libycochoerus massai from the Tugen hills


Orycteropus was a genus of the order Tubulidentata which includes modern Aardvarks. It existed during the late miocene. The species found in Kenya is Orycteropus Africanus.  Its remains have been found in the Wayondo formation on Rusinga Island.


Propalaeoryx was a genus of herbivore that existed during the Miocene. It is closely related to Giraffids. The species found in Kenya are Propalaeoryx Climacoceras, Propalaeoryx Prolibytherium and Propalaeoryx Nyanzae. Remains have been found at Fort Ternam and on Rusinga island. Climacoceras had long horns and two prongs.


Canthumeryx was a genus of Giraffid. It is considered an ancestor of modern giraffes. It shows evidence of the beginnings of the evolution of the long neck. Its remains were found on the Wayondo formation.


Samotherium was a genus of herbivore that belonged to the family Giraffidae. Like modern giraffes, it had two ossicones on its head. It appears to be transitioning towards having a long neck. It existed during the Miocene. The species found in Kenya  is Samotherium  Primaevus. Its remains have been found in Uyoma, Siaya county.


Protragocerus is a genus of antelope that existed during the Miocene. It belongs to the the tribe Boselaphini, subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. The species found in Kenya is Protragocerus  Labidotus. It was found in Uyoma, Siaya county.


Caprotragoides was a genus belonging to the tribe Caprini, subfamily Caprinae and family Bovidae. It existed in the Miocene period. The species found in Kenya is Caprotragoides Gentryi.


Walangania is a genus of herbivore that existed during the Miocene. Its exact classification is not known. There is no consensus on whether it belongs to the Order Bovidae (Cattle-like) or the Order Cervidae (Deer). The species found in Kenya is Walangania Africanus. Its remains were found on the Kulu formation on Rusinga island.

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Second Kenyan-Bahraini Eunice Kirwa busted for doping

Eunice Kirwa, a Kenyan Bahraini who won the 2016 Olympic silver medal in the women’s marathon, has received a provisional suspension after failing a drug test for the blood booster EPO.

Kirwa finished second at the 2016 Olympics behind Kenyan Jemima Sumgong who won gold. Sumgong was subsequently banned after she failed a test for EPO. Sumgong was initially banned for four years but appealed the suspension and then lied at her doping hearing. An independent arbiter determined she provided false records of a hospital visit to try and justify her failed drug test. Her ban was thus extended to 8 years which means she can’t compete until 2027.

At the Olympics, Kirwa 35, was neck and neck with Sumgong until the final stages of the race when Sumgong pulled away. It makes sense therefore that she too might have been cheating.

Kirwa becomes the second Kenyan-Bahraini to be suspended for doping. Ruth Jebet, who won the Olympic gold in the 3000m steeplechase and who had set a world record in the event, was also provisionally suspended for failing an EPO test.

More stringent testing has seen a number of prominent Kenyans fail drug tests in the past few years including Boston marathon winner Rita Jeptoo, multiple world champion Asbel Kiprop and more recently Abraham Kiptum who had recently set the world half marathon record and is another one whose progression looks highly suspicious in hindsight.

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Elegant Beatrice Chepkoech destroys field in Shanghai

Steeplechaser Beatrice Chepkoech, who thoroughly dominated this event in 2018, picked up where she left off last year. On Saturday she completely dominated the women’s 3000m Steeplechase, beating finishing a good 30 metres ahead of second placed compatriot Cellphine Chespol.

Chepkoech took the lead at the halfway point   of the race taking the lead from compatriot Caroline Tuigong who was the pacemaker. From then on she started to widen the lead with her smooth strides and effortless jumps over the barriers. In the end she finished with a world leading time and a course record. She appears set to dominate this event again in 2019.

Race Results

1 Beatrice Chepkoech  KEN 9:04.53 8
2 Celliphine Chepteek Chespol  KEN 9:11.10 7
3 Peruth Chemutai  UGA 9:17.78 6
4 Winfred Mutile Yavi  BRN 9:19.63 5
5 Mercy Chepkurui  KEN 9:23.59 4
6 Maruša Mišmaš  SLO 9:29.48 3
7 Geneviève Lalonde  CAN 9:29.82 2
8 Fancy Cherono  KEN 9:31.00 1
9 Shuangshuang Xu  CHN 9:33.89
10 Luiza Gega  ALB 9:34.94
11 Weynshet Ansa  ETH 9:43.32
12 Mel Lawrence  USA 9:44.36
13 Lucie Sekanová CZE 9:49.23
14 Özlem Kaya  TUR 9:58.95
Viktória Gyürkés  HUN DNF
Caroline Tuigong  KEN DNF


Complete Dominance

Since the inception of this event in 2005, no athlete has dominated it as much as Chepkoech. Indeed her world record time of 8:44.32 is a good 8 seconds faster than the next best time.

Why is Chepkoech so dominant. Her running style appears very smooth and she uses very little energy in her strides. But even more important is the ease with which she clears each barrier. She is a natural leaper and her height which is well above average, makes it even easier for her to clear each barrier.

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Syombua with storming leg as Kenya wins relay bronze


The Kenyan mixed relay quartet were the only Kenyan medalists at the 2019 IAAF world relays that were held in Yokohama Japan. The team of Jared Momanyi, Maureen Thomas, Hellen Syombua and Aaron Koech finished third in 3:19.43

Jared Momanyi started Kenya off with a solid leg, handing off to Maureen Thomas who kept Kenya in contention and in sixth place. Hellen Syombua then took over and ran a storming third leg despite being impeded by a Brazilian competitor. She took Kenya from sixth place to 3rd place and had to dig deep over her last fifty metres to maintain Kenya’s position. Aaron Koech then took over and solidified Kenya’s position, increasing the distance between himself and the other contenders for the bronze.

It was an impressive performance as Kenya beat out other traditional relay giants like Poland, Germany and Italy. It is the first time that Kenya has won a medal in a global relay event since 1993 when the Kenya 4 X 400m quartet of Samson Kitur, Simon Kemboi, Abednego Matilu and Kennedy Ochieng won the silver medal at the world championships.

Race Video

Race Results

POS BIB Team COUNTRY MARK Points Reaction Time
1 USA United States  USA 3:16.43 8 0.143
2 CAN Canada  CAN 3:18.15 7 0.149
3 KEN Kenya  KEN 3:19.43 6 0.183
4 ITA Italy  ITA 3:20.28 5 0.127
5 POL Poland  POL 3:20.65 4 0.187
6 BRA Brazil  BRA 3:20.71 3 0.164
7 GER Germany  GER 3:22.26 2 0.205
8 BEL Belgium  BEL 3:25.74 1 0.194


Other Results

The Kenya 4 X 200m team of Mark Odhiambo, Mike Mokamba, Samuel Chege and Alphas Kishoyian finished in a creditable fourth position, barely missing out on a medal. Their female counterparts Eunice Kadogo, Millicent Ndoro, Joan Cherono and Freshia Mwangi were disqualified after a baton exchange mishap.

Kenya finished in 13th overall position. Not bad considering that there were no distance relay events. Kenya were the highest placed African country, ahead of Sprint giants South Africa who were 14th. None of the other African teams won anything.

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Obiri, Manangoi, brilliant in Doha

Hellen Obiri’s brilliant start to the 2019 season continued in Doha on Friday. Earlier in the season, Obiri was one of the few bright spots for Kenya at the 2019 World Cross country championships. She continued along those lines in the women’s 3000m, fighting off a strong challenge from Genzebe Dibaba of Ethiopia.

She took the lead at the bell with Dibaba breathing down her neck. Dibaba made several attempts to pass Obiri in the last time. But Obiri kept switching gears to fend off the Ethiopian who eventually gave up in the last 30 metres.

Compatriot Lilian Kasait Rengeruk, put on a spririted last lap to move from sixth position into third position.

Race Results

1 Hellen Obiri  KEN 8:25.60 8
2 Genzebe Dibaba  ETH 8:26.20 7
3 Lilian Kasait Rengeruk  KEN 8:29.02 6
4 Beatrice Chepkoech  KEN 8:29.83 5
5 Caroline Chepkoech Kipkirui  KEN 8:29.89 4
6 Gloriah Kite  KEN 8:29.91 3
7 Gudaf Tsegay  ETH 8:30.65 2
8 Yasemin Can  TUR 8:33.29 1
9 Lemlem Hailu  ETH 8:34.03
10 Margaret Chelimo Kipkemboi  KEN 8:34.65

The men’s 1500m was thoroughly and completely dominated by Kenyans. Elijah Manangoi was very convincing as he won in 3:32.21, beating compatriot Timothy Cheruiyot, who beat him several times in 2018 and dominated this event. Kenyans occupied the top seven positions.

Race Results

1 Elijah Motonei Manangoi  KEN 3:32.21 8
2 Timothy Cheruiyot  KEN 3:32.47 7
3 Bethwell Birgen  KEN 3:33.12 6
4 Vincent Kibet  KEN 3:33.21 5
5 Charles Cheboi Simotwo  KEN 3:33.31 4
6 Ronald Kwemoi  KEN 3:33.99 3
7 George Meitamei Manangoi  KEN 3:34.00 2
8 Brahim Kaazouzi  MAR 3:34.57 1
9 Ryan Gregson  AUS 3:35.10
10 Abdelaati Iguider  MAR 3:36.28


Other Results

Emmanuel Korir finished second in the 800m, losing to arch rival Nijel Amos of Botswana. Another Kenyan Jonathan Kitilit was 5th. Wycliffe Kinyamal who had a brilliant 2018 season, was 8th.

In the women’s 800,Nelly Jepkosegi was fourth, a good four seconds behind the winner, Caster Semenya of South Africa.

The men’s steeplechase, an event that Kenya has dominated for the past 3 decades is now in danger of slipping out of Kenya’s hands. With Conseslus Kipruto injured, the best placed Kenya was 3rd placed Leonard Bett who clocked 8:08.61

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