Kibera is the largest slum in Africa. Its population estimates vary widely. Some estimates place its population at one million. The last censsus which was held in 2009 placed its population at 170,000. But this was widely discredited. The most reliable estimates place Kibera's population at 500,000.

 

The Villages and demographics of Kibera

Kibera is divided into a number of villages as described in the map below

 

Kibera Map

 

Nubis are concentrated in Makina, Kambi Muru and Lindi.

Kisumu Ndogo is primarily occupied by Luos

Mashimoni is primarily occupied by Luhyas and Kambas

Laini Saba is primarily occupied by Kikuyus

 Kianda is multi ethnic and is located near the famed Rowallan camp

 

Note that Nubis were the original occupants of Kibera. The word Kibera means forest in the Nubi language. The British allocated plots of land to Nubi soldiers in 1904 after they had served in the Kings African Rifles (KAR). 

 

Kibera houses

Most homes in Kibera are made of mud walls and sheet metal roofs (locally known as mabati)

 

Laini saba

Laini Saba is mostly known for its open air shops which sell everything from charcoal to vegetables, to clothes and smart phones and virtually every commodity used at home. The name Laini saba translates to seven lines in Kiswahili in reference to the railway line that passes through it and was originally known as "Line seven".

 

Infrastructure in Kibera

 

Kibera garbage

As is the case in much of Nairobi, garbage collection is non existent. As such residents throw their garbage in large garbage piles between houses

 

Open sewers kibera

Open sewers also criss cross between the houses

 

Kibera Train

The Kenya - Uganda Railway passes right through Kibera

 

Kibera people

With 500,000 people crammed in an area that 6.6km square, Kibera has a very high population density.

 

Kibera houses

The houses are crammed together very close, leaving no spaces for recreational area. Which is why despite its large population, Kibera rarely produces any sportsmen or sportswomen of note.

 

Water in Kibera

Until recently, Kibera had no source of clean water. Residents collected water from the Nairobi dam which is filthy. There are now two main pipes into Kibera and the water is sold to residents at Ksh 3 per 20 litres (as of 2018)

 

Kibera, a hotbed of anti-government resentment

 

Kibera Riots

Kibera is a hotbed of anti-government opposition. Every five years riots occur in Kibera as people protest what they perceive as vote rigging and stolen votes by the incumbent government.

 

Kibera Railway uprooted

After the government rigged itself back into power during the 2007 elections, angry Kibera youth uprooted the railway to protest their stolen votes

 

Kibera railway thrown into ditch

After uprooting the railway line , the youths then tossed it into a dicth before riot police could arrive

 

Sports and recreation in Kibera

Football and Boxing are the top sports in Kibera. Among the footballers to emerge from Kibera and play for the Kenya national team are David Ochieng "Cheche" and Edwin Lavatsa.

 

Laini saba grounds

The famous laini saba football ground that has not had a single blade of grass in over five decades. It hosts a number of local football tournaments such as the Kiko cup which as been in existence for over 30 years. On Match day, the terraces are typically full to the brim with fans regardless of which teams are playing.

 

 

Kibera Black stars are the top sport

Kibera Black stars are the top sports team out of Kibera. In 2018, they played in Kenya's second tier football league. This picture was taken at Camp Toyoyo sports ground on the other side of town.

 

Kibera Celtic

Kibera Celtic, which has an affiliation with the famed Glasgow Celtic, is the other prominent football team in Kibera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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